He dislikes none, he covets
nothing;-what can he do but what is good!
Tsze-lu kept continually repeating these words of the ode, when
the Master said, "Those things are by no means sufficient to
constitute perfect excellence."
The Master said, "When the year becomes cold, then we know how
the pine and the cypress are the last to lose their leaves."
The Master said, "The wise are free from perplexities; the
virtuous from anxiety; and the bold from fear."
The Master said, "There are some with whom we may study in
common, but we shall find them unable to go along with us to
principles. Perhaps we may go on with them to principles, but we
shall find them unable to get established in those along with
us. Or if we may get so established along with them, we shall
find them unable to weigh occurring events along with us."
"How the flowers of the aspen-plum flutter and turn! Do I not
think of you? But your house is distant."
The Master said, "It is the want of thought about it. How is it
Confucius, in his village, looked simple and sincere, and as if
he were not able to speak.
When he was in the prince's ancestral temple, or in the court,
he spoke minutely on every point, but cautiously.
When he was waiting at court, in speaking with the great
officers of the lower grade, he spoke freely, but in a
straightforward manner; in speaking with those of the higher
grade, he did so blandly, but precisely.
When the ruler was present, his manner displayed respectful
uneasiness; it was grave, but self-possessed.
When the prince called him to employ him in the reception of a
visitor, his countenance appeared to change, and his legs to
move forward with difficulty.
He inclined himself to the other officers among whom he stood,
moving his left or right arm, as their position required, but
keeping the skirts of his robe before and behind evenly
He hastened forward, with his arms like the wings of a bird.
When the guest had retired, he would report to the prince, "The
visitor is not turning round any more."
When he entered the palace gate, he seemed to bend his body, as
if it were not sufficient to admit him.
When he was standing, he did not occupy the middle of the
gateway; when he passed in or out, he did not tread upon the
When he was passing the vacant place of the prince, his
countenance appeared to change, and his legs to bend under him,
and his words came as if he hardly had breath to utter them.
He ascended the reception hall, holding up his robe with both
his hands, and his body bent; holding in his breath also, as if
he dared not breathe.
When he came out from the audience, as soon as he had descended
one step, he began to relax his countenance, and had a satisfied
look. When he had got the bottom of the steps, he advanced
rapidly to his place, with his arms like wings, and on occupying
it, his manner still showed respectful uneasiness.
When he was carrying the scepter of his ruler, he seemed to bend
his body, as if he were not able to bear its weight. He did not
hold it higher than the position of the hands in making a bow,
nor lower than their position in giving anything to another. His
countenance seemed to change, and look apprehensive, and he
dragged his feet along as if they were held by something to the
In presenting the presents with which he was charged, he wore a
At his private audience, he looked highly pleased.
The superior man did not use a deep purple, or a puce color, in
the ornaments of his dress.
Even in his undress, he did not wear anything of a red or
In warm weather, he had a single garment either of coarse or
fine texture, but he wore it displayed over an inner garment.
Over lamb's fur he wore a garment of black; over fawn's fur one
of white; and over fox's fur one of yellow.
The fur robe of his undress was long, with the right sleeve
He required his sleeping dress to be half as long again as his
When staying at home, he used thick furs of the fox or the
When he put off mourning, he wore all the appendages of the
His undergarment, except when it was required to be of the
curtain shape, was made of silk cut narrow above and wide below.
He did not wear lamb's fur or a black cap on a visit of
On the first day of the month he put on his court robes, and
presented himself at court.
When fasting, he thought it necessary to have his clothes
brightly clean and made of linen cloth.
When fasting, he thought it necessary to change his food, and
also to change the place where he commonly sat in the apartment.
He did not dislike to have his rice finely cleaned, nor to have
his mince meat cut quite small.
He did not eat rice which had been injured by heat or damp and
turned sour, nor fish or flesh which was gone. He did not eat
what was discolored, or what was of a bad flavor, nor anything
which was ill-cooked, or was not in season.
He did not eat meat which was not cut properly, nor what was
served without its proper sauce.
Though there might be a large quantity of meat, he would not
allow what he took to exceed the due proportion for the rice. It
was only in wine that he laid down no limit for himself, but he
did not allow himself to be confused by it.
He did not partake of wine and dried meat bought in the market.